A poster presentation from SBS 2023 analyzed the relationship between dermatology and social media.
The contribution of psychological disorders to the burden of adolescent skin diseases has not been adequately explored, according to a poster presentation at South Beach Symposium (SBS) 2023 in Miami Beach, Florida. Data from the review suggests that social media may have a negative impact on body image and the association with adverse life events, suicidal ideation, and depression is higher among adolescents with acne and atopic dermatitis (AD).
Study authors aimed to provide insights into the psychosocial and social media impact of acne, atopic dermatitis, and aesthetics in adolescent patients. To conduct their review, study authors used a modified Delphi process comprising face-to-face interviews followed by online discussions. A systematic literature search reviewed clinical studies, consensus papers, meta-analyses, and reviews through PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, and PsychInfo. The selected literature was used to create 14 draft statements related to the psychosocial impact of acne and atopic dermatitis. The draft statements were reviewed by a panel and used to adopt 5 statements using evidence from the literature combined with the panels’ opinions and experiences.
The 5 agreed upon statements include:
Based on the collected statements, study authors noted that the greater use of social media is associated with body dissatisfaction, appearance anxiety, drive for thinness, self-objectification, and lower self-esteem. Taking and posting photos using lenses or filters may also lead to body image dissatisfaction, shape and weight concerns, and acceptance and consideration of cosmetic surgery.
“Exploring social media for information has positive and negative aspects. Educating patients and clinicians should be done to increase awareness of the positives and negatives of social media use among adolescents. Action-oriented items should be created to assist dermatologists in addressing these issues in clinical practice,” the study authors concluded.