Regulations specifically prohibit or restrict use of these ingredients in cosmetics, according to the Food and Drug Administration:
- Bithionol. May cause photocontact sensitization.
- Chlorofluorocarbon propellants. Used in cosmetic aerosol products and prohibited.
- Chloroform. Prohibited in cosmetic products because of animal carcinogenicity and for being a likely hazard to human health.
- Halogenated salicylanilides (di-, tri-, metabromsalan and tetrachlorosalicylanilide). Also might cause photocontact sensitization.
- Methylene chloride. Prohibited for animal carcinogenicity and as a likely hazard to human health.
- Vinyl chloride. A carcinogen prohibited as an ingredient of aerosol products.
- Zirconium-containing complexes. In aerosol cosmetic products, these are prohibited because of their toxic effect on lungs.
- Prohibited cattle materials. To protect against mad cow disease.
More articles in our package on OTC product ingredients:
Inactive but controversial OTC product ingredients
The evidence around nanotechnology
Resources for physicians and patients
Talking about preservatives with patients
What consumers are reading
Paraben facts and fallacies
GRAPHIC: An explanation of parabens for patients
Johnson & Johnson's commitment to consumers