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Dermatologists today have more options for treating hair loss during menopause than ever before. But according to one expert in the field of female hair loss, unless the right diagnosis is made, the treatments might be less than effective.
Garden City, N.Y. - Dermatologists today have more options for treating hair loss during menopause than ever before. But according to one expert in the field of female hair loss, unless the right diagnosis is made, the treatments might be less than effective.
"We know more about the mechanisms of hair loss than we did a decade ago, and have a wide variety of pharmaceuticals and treatments to choose from," says Theodore J. Daly, M.D., F.A.A.D., director, Garden City Dermatology, Garden City, N.Y. "Getting the diagnosis right can lead you to a successful solution."
Female pattern is the most common form of hair loss during menopause, and affects approximately one in three women during this time of their lives. While gradual hair loss is often the reason for the office visit, getting to the root cause is crucial.
"Although hair loss during menopause is a serious cosmetic problem for many women, its cause can be systemic or due to nutrient deficits, and those factors aren't apparent with exam only. In fact, a recent study of women with fluctuating hormones showed that a significant percentage of their deficits were detected by lab only."
Diagnosis: Get it right
"Without the lab test, you can miss up to 15 percent of women who have abnormal hormone levels," Dr. Daly says.
"Upon the initial visit, you might not be sure of the diagnosis, so you may need to check other causes with a lab test. If the woman tests abnormal, then it's not a cosmetic problem; it's systemic or a nutritional deficit. Sometimes you just need to replace the missing iron. After that, women feel better and are happy to have been diagnosed, not to mention that their hair begins growing back.
"Sometimes a patient will come in and the diagnosis is not what they expected," Dr. Daly says. "Unless you look at the scalp, you are going to miss some things. Part the hair; look at the scalp and also look at the nails. This is basic, but can change the course of treatment. If your initial diagnosis is off, nothing you do after that will be very effective."
Once the proper diagnosis is made, treatment for hair loss typically starts with a therapy like topical minoxidil (Rogaine, McNeil-PPC). Other options include Aldactone (spironolactone, Pfizer), finasteride (Propecia, Merck), dutasteride (Avodart, GlaxoSmithKline), laser treatment and transplants.
Dr. Daly says he remembers these as "MOLT" - minoxidil, other pills, laser and transplants.
Laser therapy can be helpful when used as adjunct treatment or when patients can't tolerate other treatments.
"Cold laser such as Revage 670 (Apira Science) as added therapy can result in great improvements," Dr. Daly says.
For some women, hair transplantation might be the answer. An experienced surgeon can provide excellent results with the follicular unit and mini-graft techniques. If all other treatments fail, there are more aggressive treatments that are not standard of practice, as well as wigs and other cosmetic cover-ups.
While treating hair loss is not a highly reimbursed procedure, it is covered for most cases, especially when the cause is not pattern loss.
Treatment not for everyone
Despite the high number of menopausal women dealing with hair loss, many dermatologists are not interested in treating it, according to Dr. Daly.
"Many fellow dermatologists will refer patients at the onset of their hair loss or after they have exhausted their treatment options. It involves a lot of mental gymnastics; it's time-consuming and not driven by procedure," he says.
Nonetheless, dermatologists with an interest in the field should acquire "a comprehensive viewpoint of hair loss by reading everything on the subject, including textbooks and attending AAD (American Academy of Dermatology) lectures on the topic," Dr. Daly says. "The field requires a full understanding of hormones, nutritional deficits, and various forms of hair loss, such as central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia and chronic telogen effluvium."
Dr. Daly currently is researching hair loss by performing biopsies pre- and post-laser treatment. Wellman Laboratories at Harvard Medical School, Boston, is conducting the independent histological analysis in conjunction with Dr. Daly's study.